Create a note book, copy and paste to your word program....... Go to www.FencingAcademy-Tampa.org, to see Sport Fencing Instructional Tutorial Flicks. Fencing Distance and Orienting Movements. Orienting movements are responses that help a fencer focus and adjust themselves to receive helpful input. Identifying three types of orienting movements: Previewing, Tracking. The fencer must predict where he or she will be in relation to environmental features at a future point in time, the performer must "look ahead." Previewing. The orienting movement required whenever performance involves body transport is called previewing. The critical factor in previewing is the rate of the performer's movement. For a particular rate of body transport, the sport fencer must look for a given distance ahead to obtain information about objects in the environment in time to subsequently avoid or contact them as in not running into a fencing opponent when attacking. The problem confronting the performer is much the same as that facing the driver of an automobile at night. In order to avoid hitting an object or person, the driver must be able to stop the vehicle within the fixed distance illuminated by the headlights. If the stopping distance for a given rate of speed exceeds the "previewing" distance, the rate of speed of the automobile must be decreased. Tracking. For motor skills performed within a moving environment, the performer must predict where the moving objects or people will be at a future point in time, in order to plan a successful response. The orienting movement required in the performance of open skills is called tracking. Tracking is involved in a variety of sport skills e.g. an epee fencers while retreating stop thrusts an attacking fencers wrist and parrying an opponent's counter-attack. In both examples, the performer must maintain visual contact with a moving object in order to obtain relevant information regarding the speed and direction of the object's movement. Tracking is required whenever elements of the environment are moving, regardless of whether the performer is stable or moving. When performance takes place in a moving environment and the performer is also moving, both tracking and previewing are essential (as in the sport of fencing) for obtaining critical environmental information.The overall goal of good tracking skills is for risk management of the competitive situation. Figuring out time and space requirements so a safety margin can be maintained. Three factors affect your safety margin: 1) your technical and tactical capabilities and limitations, 2) the technical and tactical capabilities and limitations of your opponent and 3) the bouting situation at a specific time (such as score, time remaining, physical condition, and prognoses of outcome. For example, a safety margin is gone if a required technical-tactical skills called for is beyond your skill level; a safety margin is gone if a bouting situation requires more technical- tactical skills that your capable of; the safety margin is gone if there is no time to execute unforeseen actions.